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4x4 typically refers to a "low range" being offered via a gear box. Most stock 4x4's will be stuck if a front and rear wheel looses traction, same with most AWD cars. More and more though manufacturers are having some sort of "traction control" to keep this from happening. The advantage of a "low range" is the tourqe that comes with it, as it doesn't add more traction.

In this setup there is no need for this, as torque is there from the get go.

A better question would be "does it have lockers" or comparable tech? The Rivian uses 4 electric motors, one per wheel, and keeps it "locked" at all four wheels and is a beast.

I believe Consumer reports did a extensive snow test on three AWD and one Rear Wheel drive vehicle and the Subaru kept winning over and over (it was a test over tires more than cars though). They did find that tires made a huge difference in snow (no surprise).

I've not read anything specific on the lightning yet, but, given its very quick accel times they no doubt have some sort of traction control.

My own person experience is that I owned a "rubicon" jeep when I moved to this home. I had a smallish hill it would not go up, in low range, with all axles "locked" and hitting it with speed. This was with some really nice mud tires also. I built a 1948 Jeep Willy's truck that was mostly stock with toyota axles and it would scream up it and nothing on it was "locked". Just a little added wheel base did the trick. Both are sold now. Now my T100 would struggle to go up the gravel path in 2wd (thankfully its 4wd) but my Nissan Leaf (has traction control) will go up it (still slips some). But if I have a load of gravel in the back of the T100 (had it yesterday) it'll go up just fine in 2wd.

I suspect the lightning will do realy well given its low center of gravity, should have a nice weight distribution (a problem on RWD trucks), instant torque and what I suspect will be decent traction control.
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